Philippus, i, A king of Macedonie, sonne of Amyntas, father of great Alexander: A prince from his childhoode of excellent wit and power, of whome these notable thinges be remembred. After he had vanquished the Athenians at Chæronea, hee beganne to reioyce of his felicitie. But to the intente that he therefore shoulde not bee the more prone to iniuries towarde his subiectes, nor to haue indignation at them,whome hee vanquished: hee then and euer after raused a childe to come to his chamber doore in the morning, and to saye aloude, Philip, thou art a mortall man. Which hee obserued so constantlye, that hee neuer went out of his Cbamber, or receyned any couusaylers or suters, till the childe hadde thryse spoken these wordes, notwithstanding that hee was a Paynime. Also where one named Machætas, had a matter in varianuce before him, Philip taking little heede, what was spoken, and some time sleeping, at the last gaue indgemente agaynste Machætas: who crying oute with a loude voyce, appealed: Wherewith Philip being sore mooued, with a grieuous looke, sayde: to whome doest thou appeale: I appeale (sayde Mathætas) vnto your selfe, but being better awaked, and taking beede what is spoken. Philip being throughly awaked, and hearing eftsoones the matter, perceyued that Machætas had wrong, and woulde not reuerse the indgement, but the somme of money, wherein Machætas was condemned, hee payde of his owne treasure. In this man it is notable, how sundrie vertnes were tempered with diners vices. He was a printe more giuen to costlye prouision of warrefare, than sumptnousnesse in banqueting: and therefore his greatest riches was in the furnicute and hablimentes of warre. Hee was more cunning to get riches, then circumspecte to keeps them: and therefore, notwithstanding his continual spoiles, he was alwayes needie. Mercy and trecherie in like maner he esteemed. No waye seemed to him dishonourable, whereby hee mighte attaine victorie. Fayre langnage hee would vse, where occasion serned, and likewise prerend displeasure where he hated not. In talke and conference crafty, and more would promise in words, then in deede perfourm. Very skilfull both in pleasant ieasting, and also earneft debating of weightie affayres. Friendship hee measnred more by proflte, then by faithfull dealing. To pretende fauoure where hee hated, and to set hatred betweene friendes, seeking for fauout on both sides, was his common custome. With these thinges, was ioyned so excellent language and vtteraunce, as neyther readinesse of tongue wanted fine ornamentes of eloquence, neither flowing speeche, sharpe inuention of wittie matter. In warrefare subtile and guilefull, wise in counsayle, desirous to be loued, and well able to represse his anger: somewhat to much giuen to drinking, and vpon the heate thereof diuers times in warre woulde fiercely set vpon his enimies, and offer himselfe to more daunger then needed. Whereby hee was often wounded, and in perill of his life. By these propertyes hee layde the foundation of the Empire of the worlde, which afterwarde was made perfite by his famous sonne Alexander: who was both in vertues and vices more notable than cuer his father was. He was afore the incarnation of Christ 358. yeares.
Lewis and Short: Latin dictionary
Phĭlippus, i, m., = *fi/lippos, Philip, the name of several kings of Macedonia, the most celebrated of whom was the son of Amyntas, and father of Alexander the Great, Cic. Off. 1, 26, 90; Nep. Eum. 1, 4; id. Reg. 2, 1; Just. 7, 4 sq.; cf. Plaut. Aul. 4, 8, 4.— B.Transf., a gold coin struck by KingPhilip, a Philippe d'or, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 8, 27; so id. ib. 4, 8, 38; 41; 78 al.; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 234; and, in gen., of other coins, Aus. Ep. 5, 19.—II. Hence, A. Phĭlippēus (collat. form Phĭlippĭus, Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 38), a, um, adj., = *fili/ppeios, of or belonging to Philip, king of Macedonia, Philippian: Philippeus sanguis, i. e.
because the Egyptian sovereigns were descended from Philip of Macedon
, Prop. 3, 9, 39 (4, 10, 40): Em tibi talentum argenti: Philippeum aes est, Plaut. Truc. 5, 1, 60: Philippeus nummus, a gold coin struck by Philip, of the value of twenty drachmœ, a Philippe d'or: nummi Philippei aurei, Plaut. As. 1, 3, 1; Liv. 39, 7: Philippeum aurum,
from which the Philippe d'or was struck
, Plaut. Curc. 3, 70 al.— Hence, absol.: Phĭlippēum, i, n., a gold coin struck by Philip, Varr. ap. Non. 78, 11. —And, transf., of other coins: argenteos Philippeos minutulos, Val. Imp. ap. Vop. Aur. 9.—B. Phĭlippĭcus, a, um, adj., = *filippiko/s, of or belonging to Philip, Philippic: Philippicum talentum argenti, Plaut. Truc. 5, 1, 60: aurum,
a gold-mine of Philip's in Macedonia
, Plin. 37, 4, 15, 57. —Cicero's orations against Antony were called orationes Philippicae, after those of Demosthenes against King Philip, Cic. Att. 2, 1, 3.—Also sing. collect.: Phĭlippĭca, ae, f.: divina Philippica, Juv. 10, 125.