Maria, æ, f. g. A proper name.Mariaba.The chiefe citie in Saba.
Marius, A valiant man, descended of a poore stocke in the citie Arpinas, and many yeres liued an hard life in the countrey. At the laste comming to Rome, and giuing hymselfe to warfare, hee behaued himselfe so valiauntly, that after other offices, hee ascended to be Consul, and ouercomming Iugurth, brought him captiue, in triumph before his Chariot: and thereby infixed and planted in the Romaines heartes suche opinion of his noblenesse and manhoode, that for feare of the great tempest and trouble that was toward of the fierce people called Cimbrians, he was chosen Consull fiue yeares togither. Being Consul the sixce time, he ouercame and vrterly vãquished the same people, and with greate glorie trinmphed for it. Hee was afterward in a ciuill battel ouercome by Sylla, and in the fight hiding him selfe among the flagges in a ditch, was drawn out and cast in pryson. At which time, when a stonte and sterne Frenchemanne was sent into the prison to cut off his head, with the maiestie of his countenance hee did so feare him, that he coulde not do it, but rather holpe him to scape oute of prison. Wherfore he take a little boate, and sayling into Affrike, there priuily kept himselfe a long time. Afterward being called home by Cinna, hee was chosen the seauenth time Consul, and there in died, or as some write, killed himselfe. This man hauing the disease of swollen vaines with melancholie bloud in the legges called Varices, helde one of his legges to the surgeon (as the manner of the cure is) to cutte out those vaines: and in the meane time neuer did either knitte the browes, or shew any token that he felt griese thereat. But when the surgeon wonlde in lyke manner haue vsed the other legge nay sir, saith hee, the curing of the disease is not worth so mnche paine as a manne muste abide for it.
Mărĭus, i, m., the name of a Roman gens. 1. The most celebrated is C. Marius, the conqueror of Jugurtha, and seven times consul, Cic. Phil. 8, 2, 7; id. Imp. Pomp. 20, 60; Sall. C. 59, 3; id. J. 46 sqq.; as a friend of the popular party, his name is used as an appellative: Caesari multos Marios inesse, Cæsar had many Mariuses in him, Sulla ap. Suet. Caes. 1 fin.—2. M. Marius Gratidianus, Cic. Brut. 45, 168; 62, 224; id. Leg. 3, 16, 36; id. Off. 3, 20, 80; Sen. de Ira, 3, 18; Plin. 33, 9, 46, 132.—3. Marius Priscus, proconsul in Africa, tried for extortion, A. D. 100, Plin. Ep. 2, 11; Juv. 1, 49; 8, 120. —4. Marius Victorinus, a rhetorician and grammarian, a native of Africa, in the middle of the fourth century of the Christian era. —Hence, A. Mărĭus, a, um, adj., of or pertaining to C. Marius, Marian: lex, Cic. Leg. 3, 17, 38.—B. Mărĭānus, a, um, adj., of or pertaining to C. Marius, Marian: Mariani consulatus, Cic. Brut. 47, 175: scutum Cimbricum, id. de Or. 2, 66, 266: quercus, id. Leg. 1, 1, 1: tribunus plebis, id. Agr. 3, 2, 7: Mariana et Sullana tempestas, Flor. 3, 12, 11: Mariana et Cinnana rabies, id. 4, 2, 2.—Subst.: Mărĭāna, ae, f., a Roman colony on the eastern coast of Corsica, founded by C. Marius, Plin. 3, 6, 12, 80; Mel. 2, 7, 19.—Plur. subst.: Mărĭ-āni, ōrum, m., another name of the Cernetari in Latium, Plin. 3, 5, 9, 64.