Mare, terra, cœlum, dij vestram fidem. satin' ego oculis planè video? Plaut.Osea, Oearth, Oheauen, &c.
Marius, A valiant man, descended of a poore stocke in the citie Arpinas, and many yeres liued an hard life in the countrey. At the laste comming to Rome, and giuing hymselfe to warfare, hee behaued himselfe so valiauntly, that after other offices, hee ascended to be Consul, and ouercomming Iugurth, brought him captiue, in triumph before his Chariot: and thereby infixed and planted in the Romaines heartes suche opinion of his noblenesse and manhoode, that for feare of the great tempest and trouble that was toward of the fierce people called Cimbrians, he was chosen Consull fiue yeares togither. Being Consul the sixce time, he ouercame and vrterly vãquished the same people, and with greate glorie trinmphed for it. Hee was afterward in a ciuill battel ouercome by Sylla, and in the fight hiding him selfe among the flagges in a ditch, was drawn out and cast in pryson. At which time, when a stonte and sterne Frenchemanne was sent into the prison to cut off his head, with the maiestie of his countenance hee did so feare him, that he coulde not do it, but rather holpe him to scape oute of prison. Wherfore he take a little boate, and sayling into Affrike, there priuily kept himselfe a long time. Afterward being called home by Cinna, hee was chosen the seauenth time Consul, and there in died, or as some write, killed himselfe. This man hauing the disease of swollen vaines with melancholie bloud in the legges called Varices, helde one of his legges to the surgeon (as the manner of the cure is) to cutte out those vaines: and in the meane time neuer did either knitte the browes, or shew any token that he felt griese thereat. But when the surgeon wonlde in lyke manner haue vsed the other legge nay sir, saith hee, the curing of the disease is not worth so mnche paine as a manne muste abide for it.
Lewis and Short: Latin dictionary
măre, is (abl. sing. mare, Varr. ap. Charis. p. 45 and 111 P.; and in Prisc. p. 759 ib.; Lucr. 1, 161; Ov. Tr. 5, 2, 20; id. P. 4, 6, 46; 198; Lact. Mort. Pers. 21, 11; gen. plur. marum, Naev. ap. Prisc. p. 770 P.), n. [root mar-, gleam, glimmer (cf. a(/ls marmare/h, Il. 14, 273); Gr. ma/rmaros; Lat. marmor; Sanscr. mīras, sea; Goth. marei; Angl. - Sax. mere; Germ. Meer. Curtius, however, refers these words to root mar-, die; cf. morior, marceo], the sea, opp. to dry land. I.Lit.A. In gen.: sol, qui Mare, terram, caelum contines tuo cum lumine, Enn. ap. Prob. Verg. E. 6, 31 (Trag. v. 322 Vahl.): indu mari magno, id. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2 (Ann. v. 425 ib.): mare infidum, Plaut. Trin. 4, 1, 13: fluctuosum, id. Rud. 4, 2, 5: ventosum, Hor. C. 3, 4, 45: tumultuosum, id. ib. 3, 1, 26: tumidum, Verg. A. 8, 671: placidum, id. E. 2, 26: tranquillum, Plaut. Poen. 3, 1, 4: vastissimum, Cic. Pis. 24, 57: vastum atque apertum, Caes. B. G. 3, 12: profundum et immensum, Cic. Planc. 6, 15: planum, Juv. 12, 62: numquam ingressus es mare, Ter. Hec. 3, 4, 5: mare pedibus ingredi, Lact. 4, 15, 21: remenso ire mari, Verg. A. 3, 144: terrā marique, by sea and by land: terra marique acquirenda, i. e.
at all hazards
, Juv. 14, 222; v. terra.—In plur.: maria salsa, Enn. ap. Non. 183, 18 (Trag. v. 145 Vahl.): quibus cavernis maria sustineantur, Cic. Tusc. 5, 24 fin.: in reliquis maribus, Caes. B. G. 5, 1, 2.—Poet. as a figure for hard-heartedness: te saevae progenuere ferae Aut mare, etc., Ov. H. 7, 39; cf. Cat. 64, 155; cf. also: Nam mare haud est mare; vos mare acerrumum; nam in mari repperi, hic elavi bonis, Plaut. As. 1, 2, 8 sq.: meretricem ego item esse reor mare ut est; quod des devorat, numquam abundat, id. Truc. 2, 7, 17 sq.—In apposition with Oceanus: proximus mare Oceanum in Andibus hiemarat, Caes. B. G. 3, 7, 2; Tac. H. 4, 12; cf. also: ecce maris magna claudit nos obice pontus,
the depths of the sea
, Verg. A. 10, 377: maria omnia caelo Miscere, id. ib. 5, 790.—Prov.: mare caelo miscere, to mingle sea and sky, i. e. to raise a terrific storm, bluster: clames licet, et mare caelo Confundas, homo sum, Juv. 6, 282: quis caelum terris non misceat et mare caelo, id. 2, 25: terrā marique aliquid quaerere or conquirere, to search for a thing by sea and land, i. e. everywhere, Plaut. Poen. prol. 105; Vatin. ap. Cic. Fam. 5, 9; Sall. C. 13: maria et montes polliceri, to promise seas and mountains, i. e. more than one can perform, id. ib. 23, 2: his qui contentus non est, in mare fundat aquas, pour water into the sea, i. e. fill that which is already full, Ov. Tr. 5, 6, 44.—B. In partic., of single seas: mare nostrum, i. e.
the Mediterranean Sea
, Caes. B. G. 5, 1; Sall. J. 17; Plin. 6, 28, 30, 126; Luc. 8, 293: mare superum,
the Upper Sea, the Adriatic
, Plaut. Men. 2, 1, 11; Cic. de Or. 3, 19, 69; Mel. 2, 4; Plin. 3, 5, 6, 41; 3, 5, 10 al.: mare inferum, the Etruscan Sea, Cic. l. l.; Att. 8, 3, 5; Mel. l. l.; Plin. l. l. al.: mare Aegeum, Juv. 13, 246: mare rubrum, v. ruber; of a fresh - water lake: Galileae, Vulg. Matt. 4, 18.—II.Transf. (poet. and in post-Aug. prose). A.Sea-water, salt-water: Chium maris expers,
unmixed Chian wine
, Hor. S. 2, 8, 15 (id est, sine aqua marina, Schol. Acr.); so, vinum mari condire, Plin. 14, 7, 9, 73.—B.The color of the sea, sea-green: smaragdi virens mare, Plin. 37, 6, 21, 80. — C. Of the air: mare aëris, the sea, i. e. expanse of air: id omne Aëris in magnum fertur mare, Lucr. 5, 276.—D.A large vessel: bases et mare aëneum, Vulg. 4 Reg. 25, 13.
Mărĭus, i, m., the name of a Roman gens. 1. The most celebrated is C. Marius, the conqueror of Jugurtha, and seven times consul, Cic. Phil. 8, 2, 7; id. Imp. Pomp. 20, 60; Sall. C. 59, 3; id. J. 46 sqq.; as a friend of the popular party, his name is used as an appellative: Caesari multos Marios inesse, Cæsar had many Mariuses in him, Sulla ap. Suet. Caes. 1 fin.—2. M. Marius Gratidianus, Cic. Brut. 45, 168; 62, 224; id. Leg. 3, 16, 36; id. Off. 3, 20, 80; Sen. de Ira, 3, 18; Plin. 33, 9, 46, 132.—3. Marius Priscus, proconsul in Africa, tried for extortion, A. D. 100, Plin. Ep. 2, 11; Juv. 1, 49; 8, 120. —4. Marius Victorinus, a rhetorician and grammarian, a native of Africa, in the middle of the fourth century of the Christian era. —Hence, A. Mărĭus, a, um, adj., of or pertaining to C. Marius, Marian: lex, Cic. Leg. 3, 17, 38.—B. Mărĭānus, a, um, adj., of or pertaining to C. Marius, Marian: Mariani consulatus, Cic. Brut. 47, 175: scutum Cimbricum, id. de Or. 2, 66, 266: quercus, id. Leg. 1, 1, 1: tribunus plebis, id. Agr. 3, 2, 7: Mariana et Sullana tempestas, Flor. 3, 12, 11: Mariana et Cinnana rabies, id. 4, 2, 2.—Subst.: Mărĭāna, ae, f., a Roman colony on the eastern coast of Corsica, founded by C. Marius, Plin. 3, 6, 12, 80; Mel. 2, 7, 19.—Plur. subst.: Mărĭ-āni, ōrum, m., another name of the Cernetari in Latium, Plin. 3, 5, 9, 64.