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Forms: madre (data provider: donatus-sup), madri (data provider: donatus-sup)
Baretti: A dictionary of the English and Italian languages
Mádr-e, s. f. dim. Mádr-icciuóla, Mádr-icína,
1. mother, dam. — spirituale, godmother. — di Dio,the holy Virgin. La gran — antica, the earth,2. mother, cause, occasion; 3. mother (title given to nuns); 4. origin, spring; 5. a mould or frame to cast any thing in; 6. the matrix, womb. Dura—, pia —, the dura mater and pia mater, two membranes which enfold the brain. — di latte, a foster-mother; 7. the dregs or lees of wine; 8. — bosco, the honeysuckle.
Florio: a worlde of wordes, or most copious, dictionarie in Italian and English
madre: a mother, a damme, a mammie. Also the matrix or wombe of a woman. Also a disease among women called the Mother. Also the Earth as the generall Mother and producer of all things, wherefore she is called Mádre-mágna. Also the hard and thick pannicle or membrane, which in compassing the braine about gathereth the same not straightly and closely together, but loosely, and in remisse order, after the manner that Pericardio enuolueth the heart, which is called Dura mádre. There is also Piamádre, that is, the calmes or filmes of the braine. Madre is also a kinde of Hornet that liueth two yeares. Also the mother of any oyle or water.