Italia, A noble countrey, which is inuironed on the West with the mountains Alpes: on the north, with the sea AdriaticÛ: on the east and the south with the sea Mediterraneum: and Fretum Sicalum. It also containeth these Regions, Liguria, Ethruria, Vmbria, Flaminia, Latium, Aprutium, Campania, Apulia, Venetia, Prcênum, Gallia Cisalpina, called Lumbardie, The lÊgth thereof (after Plinie) is 1020 miles:the breath in sonre place betweene the two seas 410. mylesIt was somtime named Magna Græcia, because it was inhabited by the Greekes, as Myrsilius writeth. Solinus resembleth the sigure therof to an Oken leafe, extending more in length than in bredth, towarde the end being deuided, as it were into two hornes, whereof the one lyeth towarde the sea Ionicum, the other looketh to the narrow sea of Sicilie, called Fretum SiculÛ: in the narroest place it passeth not in bredth twentie nilles.
Lewis and Short: Latin dictionary
Ītălĭa, ae, f. [for Vitalia from vitulus; cf. i)talo/s, from the abundance and excellence of its cattle; v. Gell. 11, 1, 1], Italy, Caes. B. C. 1, 6, 3; Verg. A. 1, 263; Plin. 3, 5, 6, 38; 37, 13, 77, 201 et saep.— In apposition: Italia terra, Cato ap. Gell. 3, 6.— B.Transf., the inhabitants of Italy: totam Italiam esse effusam, Cic. Deiot. 4, 11.—II. Derivv. A. Ītălĭcus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Italy, Italian: jus habere, Plin. 3, 21, 25, 139: triticum, id. 18, 7, 12, 65: genus falcium, id. 18, 28, 67, 261: oppida, Tac. A. 3, 71: coloniae, id. ib. 6, 12: legio, id. H. 1, 59: de qua (olea) Catonis Italica sententia,
adapted to the climate of Italy
, Plin. 17, 12, 19, 93: bellum,
the Social war
, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 15: Pythagorei, qui essent Italici philosophi quondam nominati, id. de Sen. 21.— Subst.: Ītălĭcus, i, m., an Italian: Italicus es an provincialis, Plin. Ep. 9, 23; Liv. 24, 47.— Plur., Vell. 2, 16, 1. — B. Ītălis, ĭdis, adj. f., Italian: ora, Ov. P. 2, 3, 84: matres, Mart. 11, 53.— Subst. plur.: Ītălĭdes, the Italian women, Verg. A. 11, 657.—C. Ītălus, a, um, adj., Italian (poet. and post-class.): Italis longe disjungimur oris, Verg. A. 1, 252: terra, id. ib. 7, 643: virtus, id. ib. 12, 827: sermo,
the Latin language
, Arn. 4, 134. — 2.Subst.: Ĭtălus, i, m.a.An Italian, plur.: Itali ac Latini, Auct. Har. Resp. 9, 9; Verg. A. 1, 109; Plin. 3, 5, 10, 71: gentes Italum (Italorum), Verg. A. 6, 92.—b.An ancient king of Italy, from whom the country is said to have taken its name, Verg. A. 7, 178; cf. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 2; 1, 533; Hyg. Fab. 127; cf. also Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 3.