Atlas, antis, Of this name were three. One King of Italy, and father of Elerttra. Another of Arcadia, father of Maia. The thirde of Mauritania, called the greatest, the brother of Prometheus, who, as the Greekes suppose, did fieste finde out the course of the starres, by an ercellent imagination. Wherefore the Poets fained, that hee sustained the firma. ment with his shoulders. It is supposed he was about. 1599 yeares afore the incarnation. It is also the name of an hill in Barbaria, high and small, whiche perceth the Cloudes. Atlas is also a greate riuer in the north parte of the world, running into Ister.Atlantis nepos, Mercurie.
Lewis and Short: Latin dictionary
Ātlās, antis, m., = *)/atlas. I.Atlas, a high mountain in Mauretania, in the northwest part of Libya, on which, acc. to the fable, heaven rested, Plin. 5, 1, 1, 11 sqq.; Ov. M. 2, 296; 15, 149; id. F. 5, 83; Verg. A. 4, 247; 6, 796; Vitr. 6, 10; 8, 12; Hyg. Fab. 150 (cf. Hom. Od. 1, 52; 4, 385; Hdt. 3, 2; 4, 148; Apollod. 2, 5, 11; Diod. Sic. 3, 5).—II. In mythology, a king of Mauretania, son of Iapetus and Clymene, a lover of astronomy, Cic. Tusc. 5, 3, 8; Ov. M. 4, 628 sq.; changed by Perseus, with the aid of Medusa's head, into Mount Atlas, because he refused him a hospitable reception as guest, Ov. M. 4, 657 sq.He was the father, by Pleione, of the seven Pleiades, and, by Æthra, of the seven (acc. to Hyg. five) Hyades.—Meton. for a man of colossal height, and iron. for a dwarf, Juv. 8, 32.—III. Derivv. A. Ātlantĭcus, a, um, adj., of or pertaining to Mount Atlas, as a designation for westAfrican, Libyan: mare,
the Atlantic Ocean
, Cic. Rep. 6, 20, 21: accola,
dwelling on Atlas
, Sil. 10, 185: munera, i. e.
, Mart. 14, 89; cf. Atlantis, 1.—B. Ātlantĭăcus, a, um, adj., the same: litus, Sil. 13, 200: Olympus, i. e.
the heaven borne by Atlas
, Calp. 4, 83: profundum, Aus. Mos. 144.—C. Ātlantēus, a, um, adj., of or pertaining to Atlas, and, (a).Of Mount Atlas, as a designation for west-African, Libyan: finis, Hor. C. 1, 34, 11: Oceanus, the Atlantic Ocean, Claud. Nupt. Hon. et Mar. 280; cf. id. Prob. et Olyb. Cons. 35: gurges, Stat. Achill. 1, 223.—(b).Of or belonging to King Atlas: Pleiades, Ov. F. 3, 105.—D. Āt-lantĭădes, ae, m.patr., a male descendant of King Atlas.(a).Mercury, the grandson of Atlas by Maia, Ov. M. 2, 704; 2, 834; 8, 627 (cf.: nepos Atlantis, Ov. F. 5, 663; Hor. C. 1, 10, 1).—(b).Hermaphroditus, greatgrandson of Atlas and son of Mercury, Ov. M. 4, 368.—E. Ātlantĭăs, ădis, f.patr., a female descendant of Atlas: sorores, i. e.
daughters of Atlas
, Sil. 16, 136: Calypso, Auct. Priap. 69 (cf. Liv. And. ap. Prisc. p. 685 P.: apud nympham Atlantis filiam Calypsonem).—F. Ātlantis, ĭdis, f.1.Adj., of or pertaining to Mount Atlas: silva,
a citrus forest
, Luc. 10, 144; cf. Atlanticus.—Also subst., the name of several islands in the Atlantic Ocean, of which the largest, acc. to Plato, was said to have sunk (some consider this as America), Plin. 2, 90, 92, 205; 6, 31, 36, 190.—2.Adj., of or pertaining to King Atlas; and subst., his female posterity; thus the Pleiades and Hyades, connected as constellations in the heavens, are called Atlantides, Hyg. Fab. 192; id. Astr. 2, 21: Eoae Atlantides, the Pleiades, called Vergiliae, Verg. G. 1, 221 Serv.; Col. 10, 54; cf. Vitr. 6, 10.—In sing., an epithet of Electra, one of the Pleiades, Ov F. 4, 31; and of Calypso, Tib. 4, 1, 77. —G. Ātlantĭus, ii, m., a descendant of Atlas; Hermaphroditus, his great-grandson by Mercury (cf. Atlantiades), Hyg. Fab. 271.—IV. Ātlantes, um, m., a Libyan people, Mel. 1, 4, 4; 1, 8, 5; Plin. 5, 8, 8, 44 sq.; Sol. 31.—V. Atlantes = Gigantes, Naev. Bell. Punic. ap. Prisc. p. 679 P.