Archimedes, A famous Geometrician of Syracusis, in Sitilie, who by his Arte did long time resist Marcellus, Captaine of the Romaines, that besieged the Citie. Finally the Citie being wonne, he, sent for by Marcellus, was founde drawing figures of Geometrie in the grounde, whereunto hee was so attentiue, that when hee was boden to come to Marcellus, he answered: when he had fmithed the figure, he would come. At which answere, the messenger disday-ning, sine him. For which deede, Martellus was exceeding sorie. Some suppose, he first inuented the making of materiall spheres and globes. He made a doue of wood, which hadde in it suche equall poyse, that it woulde hang in the ayre by a long space. Hee made also an horologe, wherein might be seene the true course of the heauens & spheres. He was afore the incarnation. 192. yeares.
Lewis and Short: Latin dictionary
Archĭmēdes, is (gen. Archimedi, Cic. Rep. 1, 14, 21; 1, 14, 22; cf. Schneid. Gr. II. 163 sq.; Rudd. I. p. 58, n. 71; Neue, Formenl. I. p. 333; acc. Archimeden, Cic. Verr. 4, 58, 131; Liv. 25, 31, 9: Archimedem, Cic. Tusc. 5, 23, 64; Neue, Formenl. I. p. 309 sq.), m., = *)arximh/dhs, a celebrated mathematician of Syracuse, who, with his burning-glasses, set fire to the ships of the Roman besiegers of his native city, Liv. 24, 34; Cic. Tusc. 1, 25, 63; id. Fin. 5, 19, 50; his monument, before unknown, was discovered by Cicero, id. Tusc. 5, 23.—Hence, Archĭmēdēus or -īus, a, um, adj., Archimedian: manus, Mart. Cap. 6, p. 191: loculus, Marc. Vict. p. 2547 P.