Antonius, The name of an auncient family in Rome, of which. was Antonius, The Oratour, and Antonius triumuir, which caused Cicero to be slaine. Of this name were diuers Emperours, and one especialy, called Antonius Pius, which succeeded Hadriane, the yeare of our Lorde. 1041. and reigned xxii. yeares, and three Monethes, with Aurslius, and Lucius. His progenetours were Spanyardes, as Capitolinus saith. He was a marueylous good man, for hee gonerned with such moderation & gentlenesse, that he was therefore called Pius and father of the countrie. He was neuer cruell for any prinate or common cause. He vsed often this saping: He had leiffer saue one subiect, than destroye a thousande enimies. For his deuout liuing, sweetenesse of maners, mercy, iustice, and temperance, he was compared to Numa. Wherefore many kings and Princes of diuers nations, laying warre apart, by his commaundement, committed all their contentions vnto his iudgement, and helde them therewith contented. Yet was he nut so desirous of glorie or riches, that he would attaine therevnto by other mens domages. He dyed at the age of 70. yeares.Antonius Musa, Phisition to Octauian the Emperour, delyuered him of a daungerous sickenesse, and therefore the Gmperour caused his image made of brasse to bee set vp by the Jmage of Esculapius. There is nowe liuing a Phisition of that name in Ferrare, who is right likeiye to set forth a wondersul knowledge in Phisicke if ambition or auarice let him not, as it doth other men of great learning.
Lewis and Short: Latin dictionary
Antōnĭus, ii, m., name of a Roman gens. I. M. Antonius, Marc Antony, a distinguished triumvir, conquered by Octavianus at Actium, a mortal enemy of Cicero. —II. M. Antonius, a celebrated orator just before the age of Cicero; cf. Cic. Brut. 37 sq.; Ellendt, Cic. Brut. p. lxii. sq.; Bähr, Lit. Gesch. 355; Teuffel, Rom. Lit. 139.—III. C. Antonius, Cicero's colleague in the consulship.—IV.Fem.: Antōnĭa, ae, a daughter of the triumvir Antonius, Plin. 35, 10, 36, 16.—Derivv. A. Antōnĭus, a, um, adj., of or pertaining to Antonius: leges Antonias fregi, i. e. proposed by the triumvir Antonius, Lentul. ap. Cic. Fam. 12, 14 fin. B. and K.—Hence, Antōnĭi, the adherents of the triumvir Antonius, Lepid. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 34.—B. Antō-nĭānus, a, um, adj.1.Of or pertaining to the triumvir Antonius: contra Antonianos, Cic. Fam. 10, 34; 12, 25fin.; Vell. 2, 74; Sen. Ben. 2, 25; hence, also Antōnĭā-nae, ārum, f. (sc. orationes), the orations of Cicero against Antonius (com. called Philippicae; v. Philippicus), Gell. 7, 11; 13, 1 and 21.—2.Of or pertaining to the orator Antonius: dicendi ratio, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 13.